There are different types of commercial leases, such as gross leases, modified gross leases and net leases. One variation of the net lease is a “triple net” lease, in which the tenant is liable for a net amount of property taxes, insurance and common area maintenance relating to the property they are possessing. Most of the time, additional fees in the form of common area maintenance expenses come up in the context of a triple net lease. Landlords ask tenants to pay these fees so that they contribute to the cost of maintaining common areas such as entranceways, walkways, parking lots and hallways, as well as services enjoyed by the tenant such as janitors, security and landscapers. These fees are in addition to a rental payment and can be substantial depending upon the situation.
It is essential that a business owner be informed about the terms of the lease they are entering into, especially if these terms have the potential to cost them money. As common area expenses can be a significant cost they are often controversial and hotly negotiated. Most of the disagreements over these terms relate to the distinction between costs for the maintenance of common areas and expenses that are primarily the landlord’s responsibility. Generally, the test is who will benefit most from the expense, the tenant or the landlord. For example, it can be argued that tenants should not be paying for improvements that are being done to increase the value of the property as the landlord will be the primary beneficiary of these improvements.
When negotiating common area expenses, the business owner should inquire as to the purpose of the payments. They should also ask whether they will be able to review what the money is being spent on at any given time. Business owners should seek the advice of an attorney as they will be able to explain many of the options available to them. For example, there might be an opportunity to ask for a capped or fixed rate. Most importantly, they should be informed about their legal options in the event of a dispute.
If you are signing a commercial lease and will be responsible for common area expenses, it is in your best interest to consult with a business law or real estate attorney before signing on the dotted line.